Until 1993, women of ‘childbearing potential’ were prohibited from participating in clinical trials research. This means that all of the drugs developed before 1993 (most are still being used today) were not tested on women; any potential dosing differences, sex- specific side-effects could not be found until after the drug reached the market and even then it was, and is difficult to ascertain because sex-specific analytics were not, and are still not, routinely performed. This makes proving sex-based adverse events all but impossible. In 1993, thanks in large part to efforts of the first large group of women to enter the US Congress (women in Congress matter); the FDA removed its prohibition against women with childbearing potential participating in clinical trials. The regulations, however, were not established until 1998 and what was implemented, though an improvement over the earlier prohibition of women in clinical trials was less specific than the original guidelines and resulted in less than satisfactory results. When those regulations are evaluated alongside industry trends over the last decade, it becomes abundantly clear why women suffer disproportionately from adverse events compared to men and why everyone in the healthcare industry should be concerned.
Sandra Ishkanes is a Functional Medicine specialist. She takes a whole-body approach to healthcare, combining nutrition, lifestyle and cutting-edge medical testing.
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